人生勝利組都看什麼書?比爾‧蓋茲推薦書單

作者:希平方

瀏覽人次:502018/01/10

今年才剛開始,在這一整年中你有計劃要讀什麼書嗎? 來看看 比爾‧蓋茲推薦給大家的書單,錢沒有那麼多,至少讀的書是一樣的!



1.《Evicted: Poverty and Profit in the American City》,Matthew Desmond
It's a brilliant book in terms of a sense of the chaos when you get evicted and they put your stuff out on the curb. The interntangled issues of mental health, drug abuse, it made me wanna really understand the various government programs a lot better. You get a really good picture of how it's a very tough life.(這本書十分匠心獨具,在對於那種混亂感的描述,當你被趕出去然後東西被扔到路邊時。錯綜複雜的心理健康、毒品濫用問題,那讓我想真正更深入去了解政府的各種計畫。你可以清楚認識到那是怎樣艱苦的生活。)

2.《同情者》(The Sympathizer),阮越清
It's a book about the Vietnam War.And he writes about this extremely conflicted person who works for the Vietnamese army but is a Communist agent. There's this person who is a traitor and a murderer, and, you know, the whole messiness and futility is represented by the main character. It's a very sad story. (這是本關於越戰的書。作者寫了這位極為矛盾衝突的人物,他替越軍效力,但又是個共諜。這個既是叛徒又是殺人兇手的人物,所有混亂失序和失敗都透過主角呈現出來。這是個非常悲傷的故事。)

3.《The Best We Could Do》,Thi Bui
It's a very quick read. She does a good job of trying to be a good daughter and a good mother, trying to understand her parents and what went through, and sort of appreciate the turmoil that the last three generations that lived in Vietnam went through.(這是本很快就能讀完的書。她是個稱職的女兒和母親,試著了解她的父母和他們的經歷,然後在某種程度上去體會住在越南的祖先三代遭遇過的動盪。)

4.《Energy and Civilization: A History》,Vaclav Smil
《Energy and Civilization》is talking about a sweeping explanation of human progress through the lens of energy. You can't have civilization without energy. Taking you through that whole progression...it's definitely a masterpiece. (《Energy and Civilization》是從能源角度針對人類進展作出全面的解釋的一本書。沒有能源就沒有文明,蓋茲表示,「這本書帶你走過整段能源的進展,這本是Smil的傑作。」)

5.《Believe Me: A Memoir of Love, Death, and Jazz Chickens》,Eddie Izzard
If you've seen Eddie's stuff and you like it, you should read the book. He's very humble. He had 10 years as a street performer with essentially no success, but he slowly but surely got slightly better and learned different things. And so, in terms of ability to learn things and see clever connections, he's just a genius guy. (如果你有看過 Eddie 的作品然後很喜歡的話,你就應該讀這本書。他很謙虛。他有過十年當街頭藝人但苦無成就的經歷,不過他緩慢卻穩定地有些成長,並學到許多不同的事物。因此,在學習事物和看見之間巧妙聯結的這種能力上,他是個天賦異稟的人。)

除了有以上推薦書單可以參考以外,影片中還有一些實用片語可以學習,一起來看看有錢人是怎麼用詞遣字 。學起來,,以後就這樣用。(錢沒有那麼多,至少說的話是一樣的!)

◎ It's been a busy year, but I found time to read a number of great books.

這句中的 a number of 意思是「一些」,後面需要加上可數名詞的複數形式,像是這句的 great books。舉例:

A number of my friends are vegetarians.(我的一些朋友是素食者。)

跟這個片語很像的另一個片語是 an amount of,它的意思同樣也是「一些」,可是它後面只能接上不可數名詞喔。例如:

The boy made an amount of money by selling lemonade on weekends.(那男孩藉由週末賣檸檬汁來賺一些錢。)

◎ It's a brilliant book in terms of a sense of the chaos when you get evicted and they put your stuff out on the curb.

片語 in terms of 是指「就...的方面」的意思。舉個例子:

In terms of creativity, I think Bob’s team outdid everyone else.(就創意來說,我覺得 Bob 的團隊比其他人都來得優秀。)

◎ You can’t have civilization without energy.

這裡運用到「雙重否定」的用法。前方的 can't 已經是一個否定,後面又一個否定 without,兩個否定會變成「肯定」,類似數學上「負負得正」的概念。因此這句字面上是「沒有能源,你就不能有文明」,那其實要表達的也就是「你必須要有能源,才能有文明」。再舉個例子:

I can’t sleep without my Pooh bear beside me.(我一定要有我的維尼熊在我身邊我才睡得著。)

◎ I hope you find them as compelling as I did.

這邊有兩個學習重點,第一個是 as...as...的用法,表示「跟...一樣...」。例如:

I ran as fast as he did.(我跟他跑得一樣快。)

He is as tall as his brother is.(他跟他哥哥一樣高。)

那第二個 as 後面的 I did 原本是 I found them,但是因為同樣的部分前面已經講過一次,因此這邊用相對應的過去式助動詞 did 代替,類似的用法再舉個例子:

My brother felt as delighted as I did.(我哥哥跟我感到一樣快樂。)

另一個學習重點是 find 的用法,注意這裡的 find 並不是我們常理解的「找到」的意思,find A B 的意思是「認為、覺得 A 是 B」,其中的 B 可以是名詞,也可以是形容詞喔!例如:

I found this game interesting.(我覺得這個遊戲很有趣。)

I found him a strict teacher.(我認為他是一位很嚴格的老師。)

因此影片這句先不看 as...as...的用法時,...you find them compelling...就是「你們覺得它們很吸引人」,那加上剛剛講的 as...as...用法之後,you find them as compelling as I did 就是「你們跟我一樣覺得它們很吸引人」的意思囉。

*本文出自【希平方 攻其不背】,未經授權請勿轉載。

喜歡親子天下嚴選文章嗎?立即加入粉絲團→

作者介紹

希平方

希平方

誰說學英文一定枯燥乏味?誰說單字需要死背硬記?
跟著希平方的專業教學,透過有趣實用的網路影片,帶著孩子輕鬆學英文!